Total debt across the household, government, financial and non-financial corporate sectors surged by some $9 trillion in the first three quarters of last year.
By sector, general government ($3.5 trillion) and non-financial corporates ($3 trillion) saw the biggest increases, helping bring the overall global debt-to-GDP ratio to a record high.
In Turkey, households’ debt to gross domestic product (GDP) ratio declined to 14.1 percent in the third quarter of 2019 from 16 percent a year earlier.
Turkish non-financial corporates’ debt ratio also fell to 67.3 percent in the quarter from 79.7 percent in the same period of 2018 while government debt to gross domestic product ratio inched up to 35 percent from 34.5 percent.
The IIF also calculated that the debt to GDP ratio in the Turkish finance sector stood at 27.5 percent in the third quarter of 2019, down from 31.9 percent a year ago.
Emerging markets debt has risen more than twofold since 2010, to $72 trillion, the IFF said, noting that the surge has been driven mainly by the sharp buildup in non-financial corporate debt (up $20 trillion to over $31 trillion).
“This is a contrast to mature markets, where the government sector has been the biggest driver.”
The institute noted that household debt-to-GDP reached a record high in Belgium, Finland, France, Lebanon, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Sweden and Switzerland. Non-financial corporate debt to GDP topped in Canada, France, Singapore, Sweden, Switzerland and the U.S.
Government debt-to-GDP hit an all-time high in Australia and the U.S
“Spurred by low interest rates and loose financial conditions, we estimate that total global debt will exceed $257 trillion in Q1 2020, driven mainly by non-financial sector debt [now approaching $200 trillion],” the IIF concluded.